Wild Nihongo!
ように (In Order To)

ように (In Order To)

ように (In Order To) Japanese Grammar Lesson

Grammar Type: Conjunction

Essential Meaning: So that / In order to

Construction: 

  • Verb informal nonpast potential form + ように
    • E.g. はなせるように [So that X can speak]
    • E.g. べられるように [So that X can eat]
  • Verb informal nonpast negative + ように
    • E.g. はなさないように [So that X doesn’t speak]
    • E.g. べないように [So that X doesn’t eat]

Notes:

  • ように (In Order To) simply means “In order to X” or “So that X”. It can be used with any informal nonpast verb, but it is most commonly used with potential forms and negative forms.
    • E.g. Potential Verb: ぼくかるようにスミスさんはゆっくり英語えいごはなしてくれた。[In order to help me understand, Smith spoke English slowly.] Note that 分かる is a potential verb.
    • E.g. Negative Verb: おくれないようにタクシーできました。[In order to not be late, I took a taxi.]

Example Sentences:

めるようにをきれいにいてください。[Please write neatly so that I can read it.]

かぜをひかないようにをつけている。[I’m being careful in order to not catch a cold.]

ぼくかるようにスミスさんはゆっくり英語えいごはなしてくれた。[In order to help me understand, Smith spoke English slowly.]

おくれないようにタクシーできました。[In order to not be late, I took a taxi.]

病気びょうきなおるようにくすりんだ。[In order to heal my ailment, I took medicine.]

WILD Examples:

ドアがひらくとき、戸袋とぶくろはさまないように注意ちゅういしましょう[When the door is open, be careful not to get your fingers pinched.]
The beginning line of this song is うえおむいてあるこうなみだこぼれないように [I look upwards as I walk in order to keep my tears from spilling out]
Listen to this line from 1:47: さけいたグラスあればすぐにぎなさい、みんながつまみやすいようにくしはずしなさい [If there’s an empty glass, fill it immediately…Separate the food from the skewers so that it’s easy for everyone to snack.]

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