すきだ Japanese Grammar Lesson
Grammar Type: な-Adjective
Essential Meaning: To like
- すきだ (好きだ in kanji) is a common adjective that means “To like“. In English, the act of liking or disliking is conveyed with verbs (e.g. “I like pie“; “I dislike soup“), but in Japanese this is conveyed with adjectives instead.
- 好きだ generally requires the ~は~が construction (i.e. “XはYが好きだ”), where the experiencer is marked by は and the thing that is liked is marked by が. However, in subordinate clauses both the experiencer and the liked thing are generally marked by が.
- 大 can be affixed before 好きだ to add emphasis and express the idea of “Like a lot“. The antonym of 好きだ and 大好きだ are 嫌いだ and 大嫌いだ, respectively.
私はステーキが好きだ。[I like steak.]
僕は野球が好きだ。[I like baseball.]
ジョンソンさんはジャズが大好きだ。[Mr. Johnson loves jazz.]
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