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すきだ

すきだ

すきだ Japanese Grammar Lesson

Grammar Type: な-Adjective

Essential Meaning: To like

Construction: な-Adjective

Notes:

  • すきだ (きだ in kanji) is a common adjective that means “To like“. In English, the act of liking or disliking is conveyed with verbs (e.g. “I like pie“; “I dislike soup“), but in Japanese this is conveyed with adjectives instead.
  • きだ generally requires the ~は~が construction (i.e. “XはYがきだ”), where the experiencer is marked by and the thing that is liked is marked by . However, in subordinate clauses both the experiencer and the liked thing are generally marked by .
    • E.g. わたしがステーキがきなことはみんなっている。[Everyone knows the fact that I like steak.] The experiencer of the subordinate clause (i.e. わたし) is marked by in this case.
    • E.g. ジョンがきなスポーツは野球やきゅうです。[The sport that John likes is baseball.] The experiencer of the subordinate clause (i.e. ジョン) is marked by in this case.
  • だい can be affixed before きだ to add emphasis and express the idea of “Like a lot“. The antonym of きだ and だいきだ are きらいだ and だいきらいだ, respectively.

Example Sentences:

わたしはステーキがきだ。[I like steak.]

ぼく野球やきゅうきだ。[I like baseball.]

ジョンソンさんはジャズがだいきだ。[Mr. Johnson loves jazz.]

WILD Examples:

At 1:38, the chorus begins with this line: 大好だいすだったけど彼女かのじょがいたなんて [I loved you, but it turned out that you had a girlfriend.]
Listen to this line at 2:11: きみにおいがきだったあまにおいがした [I liked the way you smelled, you smelled sweet]

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