Wild Nihongo!
~おわる

~おわる

~おわる Japanese Grammar Lesson

Grammar Type: Auxiliary Verb

Essential Meaning: Finish doing X

Construction: 

  • Verb ます-Form + わる
    • E.g. はなわる [Finish speaking]
    • E.g. わる [Finish eating]

Notes:

  • ~おわる (~わる in kanji) simply means “To finish doing X“. The regular verb わる [To finish] is intransitive, but the auxiliary verb ~わる can be used transitively (i.e. “X finishes doing Y“).
    • E.g. やっと論文ろんぶんわった。[I finally finished writing my paper.] This is a transitive sentence with a direct object marked by .
    • E.g. なつわりました。[Summer is over.] This is an example of the regular verb わる rather than the auxiliary verb ~わる. Notice that there is no direct object since the sentence is intransitive.
  • In written Japanese, ~わる may be replaced by ~える, which conjugates as a Group 2 verb (i.e. えます, えました, etc.) The meaning is the same.
    • E.g. 源氏物語げんじものがたり」をえた。[I finished reading “The Tale of Genji”.]

Example Sentences:

源氏物語げんじものがたり」をやっとわった。[I finally finished reading “The Tale of Genji”.]

やっと論文ろんぶんわった。[I finally finished writing my paper.]

ちょうどごはんわったところです。[I just finished eating my meal.]

WILD Examples:

Listen to this line at 0:22: わりするわ、わるまでにきてね [I’m having another drink, come here by the time I finish it]

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