くる

くる Japanese Grammar Lesson

Grammar Type: Irregular Verb

Essential Meaning: To Come

Construction: Irregular Verb

Notes:

  • くる (る in kanji) is generally used to describe a movement in the direction of the speaker’s physical location. It is analogous to the English verb “To come“. However, the speaker can also place his or her “emotional viewpoint” in a place where he or she isn’t physically present. For example, the speaker may place her emotional viewpoint at a place where she feels a strong sense of empathy and emotional-connectedness. Or, she may place her emotional viewpoint somewhere just for the sake of friendly conversation.
    • E.g. 田中たなかさんが明日あしたうちへくる。[Ms. Tanaka is coming to my house tomorrow.] This is a typical use of る that represents a movement towards the speaker’s physical location.
    • E.g. 家内かないたらすぐかえるようにってください。[If my wife comes by, please tell her to come home right away.] In this case, the speaker is placing his “emotional viewpoint” at the hearer’s house, so る represents a movement towards the speakers emotional viewpoint rather than towards his physical location. In English, we might say “If my wife comes by” because it sounds more natural and friendly than saying “If my wife goes to your house“. The same principle applies in Japanese.
  • The opposite of くる is いく, which expresses a movement away from the speakers physical location or emotional viewpoint.

Example Sentences:

ナンシーは昨日きのうパーティーにましたか。[Did Nancy come to the party yesterday?]

来週らいしゅう木口きぐちさんが名古屋なごやるそうだ。[I heard that Mr. Kiguchi is coming to Nagoya next week.]

今日きょうはまだ新聞しんぶんない。[The newspaper hasn’t come yet today.]

ぼく研究室けんきゅうしつ明日あしたてください。[Please come to my laboratory tomorrow.]

WILD Examples:

Listen to this line from 2:51: もしもえたなら、素敵すてきしあわせがあなたに [If it’s the case that you’ve met him, a splendid happiness will come to you]
Listen to this line at 0:22: わりするわ、わるまでにきて [I’m having another drink, come here by the time I finish it]

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