きらいだ Japanese Grammar Lesson
Grammar Type: な-Adjective
Essential Meaning: To dislike
- Unlike the English verbs “Like” and “Dislike“, the Japanese equivalents すきだ (好きだ in kanji) and きらいだ (嫌いだ in kanji) are adjectives. They require the XはYが structure, where X is the person who likes / dislikes something and Y is the thing that is liked or disliked.
- E.g. マークはケーキが嫌いだ。[Mark dislikes cake.] In this case, Mark is the one who dislikes, and cake is the thing that is disliked.
- The は particle cannot be used in subordinate clauses, so in subordinate clauses the experiencer is marked by が rather than by は.
- To say “Like a lot” or “Dislike a lot”, you can affix だい (大 in kanji) before 好きだ or 嫌いだ to add emphasis, as in 大好きだ or 大嫌いだ.
- E.g. クリスはチーズケーキが大嫌いだ。[Chris hates cheesecake.]
私はチーズが嫌いだ。[I dislike cheese.]
僕は冬が嫌いだ。[I dislike Winter.]
ホワイトさんはフットボールが大嫌いです。[Mr. White hates football.]
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