Wild Nihongo!
けれども / けど

けれども / けど

けれども / けど Japanese Grammar Lesson

Grammar Type: Conjunction

Essential Meaning: Although

Construction: Sentence 1 informal + けれども, Sentence 2

Notes:

  • けれども is a subordinating conjunction that corresponds to the English conjunctions “Although” or “Though“. In the structure Sentence 1 けれども, Sentence 2, Sentence 2 expresses a situation that occurs in spite of some expectation that is established in Sentence 1. Grammatically, けれども connects the subordinate Sentence 1 to the independent Sentence 2 (i.e. “Although S1, S2.“).
    • E.g. ぼくはドイツがあまりきじゃないけれども勉強べんきょうしなければならない。[Although I don’t like German very much, I have to study.]
  • Because Sentence 1 is a subordinate clause, it typically takes an informal verb form. However, in very formal situations it is acceptable to use a formal verb ending.
    • E.g. このほんたかいですけれどもいいほんですよ。[Although this book is expensive, it’s a good book.]
  • けれども can be written informally as けれど, けども, or けど. From most to least formal: けれども > けれど > けども > けど.

Example Sentences:

わたしわなかったけれどもトムはっていた。[Although I didn’t say it, Tom knew it.]

このほんたかいけれどもいいほんですよ。[Although this book is expensive, it’s a good book.]

ぼくはドイツがあまりきじゃないけれども勉強べんきょうしなければならない。[Although I don’t like German very much, I have to study.]

大野おおのさんは九十きゅうじゅうさいだけれどもとても元気げんきだ。[Although Ono-san is 90 years old, she is very healthy.]

WILD Examples:

From 0:12, listen for the following line: 昔はとても強かった?そんなうわさもあるけれど、今はとっても弱いんだ。[It (Koiking) was super strong in the past? Although such a rumor does exist, Koiking is extremely weak nowadays.]

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