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いる (To Need)

いる (To Need)

いる (To Need) Japanese Grammar Lesson

Grammar Type: Verb (Group 1)

Essential Meaning: Someone or Something needs or requires X

Construction: EXPERIENCER (に) は NEEDED OBJECT がいる

Notes:

  • いる (To need) (る in kanji) represents the idea that someone or something needs some object X. る conjugates as a Group 1 Verb (i.e. らない, って, ります, et cetera).
  • る (To need) takes the ~は~が structure, where the experiencer (i.e. the one who needs) is marked by and the needed object is marked by . The experiencer can optionally be marked by in addition to .
    • E.g. わたしいまかねる。[I need money now.]
    • E.g. このにはいい家庭教師かていきょうしる。[This child needs a good tutor.]
    • E.g. このプロジェクトにはひとかねる。[This project requires people and money.]
  • In subordinate clauses, the subject cannot be marked by unless the clause is used in a contrastive sense. Thus, when る (To need) is used in a subordinate clause, the experiencer is generally marked by either or by .
    • E.g. このくるまがガソリンがたくさんることをっていましたか。[Did you know that this car requires a lot of gas?]
    • E.g. このくるまにガソリンがたくさんることをっていましたか。[Did you know that this car requires a lot of gas?]

Example Sentences:

きみたちは英和辞典えいわじてんる。[You guys need an English-Japanese dictionary.]

わたしいまかねる。[I need money now.]

なに道具どうぐりますか。[Do you need any tools?]

このくるまはガソリンがたくさんる。[This car requires gasoline.]

WILD Examples:

Listen to this line at 2:17: つばさらないゆめがあればいい [You don’t need wings, it’s OK if you have a dream]
Listen to this line from 0:52: あなたがここにいてきしめることができるなら、わたしもうほかになにもらない [If it were the case that you’re able to be here and hold me tight, I wouldn’t need need anything else]

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