Wild Nihongo!
で Particle (Time)

で Particle (Time)

で Particle (Time) Japanese Grammar Lesson

Grammar Type: Particle

Essential Meaning: At / On / In (indicates the time at which some activity terminates)


  • Time Noun + で
    • E.g. 9 [At 9 o’clock]


  • X + で (Time) conveys the idea that some action or event lasts until X. In other words, the activity terminates AT time X.
    • E.g. このコンサートは十時じゅうじわります。[This concert last until 10.]
  • When referring to the time at which an activity terminates, で (Time) is interchangeable with に (Time) with a slight difference in nuance. Namely, X + で (Time) emphasizes the period leading up to X, while X + に (Time) emphasizes the specific time of termination.
    • E.g. 春学期はるがっき五月十日ごがつとおかわる。[The spring term lasts until May 10th.]
    • E.g. 春学期はるがっき五月十日ごがつとおかわる。[The spring term ends on May 10th.]
  • When the で particle refers to a duration of time (as opposed to the time of termination), it is interpreted as で (Means / Instrument) rather than で (Time). In other words, Duration + で refers to the amount of time used to complete some task.
    • E.g. 山田やまださんは一週間いっしゅうかんでそのレポートをいた。[Yamada-san took one week to write that report.]

Example Sentences:

わたしのパスポートは六月ろくがつできれる。[My passport is valid until June.]

アメリカにてから今日きょう三年さんねんになる。[From the time I came to America up until today, it’s been three years.]

WILD Examples:

At 0:52, listen for this line: 見慣みなれた制服せいふく姿すがた今日きょう最後さいごなんだね [Today marks the end of the school uniform appearance that I’m grown accustomed to.]

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